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Epidural Injection Simulator


Epidural Injection requires high level of precision and skill from the administering physician since improperly performed procedure can result in serious complications for the patient. We have developed an epidural injection simulator with a force feedback device to simulate interactions between the needle and vertebra or soft-tissues. An additional degree of freedom through an actual syringe was incorporated to simulate the "loss of resistance" effect, commonly considered to be the most reliable method of identifying the epidual space during an injection procedure. Evaluation of the simulator by experienced physicians indicates that the simulation system has considerable potential to become a useful aid in medical training.


Thao Dang, Thiru Annaswamy, MA Srinivas, (2001) Development and evaluation of an epidural Injection Simulator with force feedback for medical trining. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality:10, Newport Beach.

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Last Updated: May 8, 2002 1:45 PM Comments: David Schloerb